Intertestamental Period

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This is the time period between the end of the Restoration Period in Israel’s history (404 B.C.) and the beginning of the life of Jesus (A.D. 6-4 ). During this period of time great changes occurred in the nation of Israel. They were governed by several different world powers. When they returned from Babylon, the Hebrews enjoyed religious freedom for a while. In 332 B.C. Alexander the Great conquered Palestine and begin the process of Hellenization. His goal was to unite his empire by spreading the language and culture of Greece to every country that he had conquered. When he died in 323 B.C. his empire was divided among his four generals. Two of these generals had control of Palestine: The Ptolemies of Egypt followed by the Seleucids of Syria.


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Jesus Followers


There are many synonyms to use for the word believer, which is the most common word for a person who has "converted" to follow Jesus. I have chosen "Jesus follower(s) or follower(s) of Jesus instead of the word believer in these presentations to allow the reader an opportunity to move away from the idea of believer which conjures up the possible thought of "ascent" to a set of doctrines that have been assembled by different groups over the centuries and show up in this day and age as a set of statements posted on web sites and other written material. These sets of beliefs are suggested by many as the ones that one should ascent to so that upon death the one who assents can go to heaven, i.e., just believe and you are good to go. Jesus followers/followers of Jesus suggest an action that one should take. Remember, Jesus told his disciples to follow him. Yes, belief is important, but one must move beyond belief to action.


(See "Discipleship" Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels. 182-188.)