This is the time period between the end of the Restoration Period in Israel’s history (404 B.C.) and the beginning of the life of Jesus (A.D. 6-4 ). During this period of time great changes occurred in the nation of Israel. They were governed by several different world powers. When they returned from Babylon, the Hebrews enjoyed religious freedom for a while. In 332 B.C. Alexander the Great conquered Palestine and begin the process of Hellenization. His goal was to unite his empire by spreading the language and culture of Greece to every country that he had conquered. When he died in 323 B.C. his empire was divided among his four generals. Two of these generals had control of Palestine: The Ptolemies of Egypt followed by the Seleucids of Syria.