Albert Schweitzer (1875–1965) was a theologian, medical missionary, organist, and musical historian. He was born in Alsace, Schweitzer and was the son of a Protestant minister. He was trained in Greek and Latin at a gymnasium and then went on to attend the University of Strassburg from 1893 to 1898, where he studied theology.
As a theologian, Schweitzer was intensely interested in recovering the historical Jesus. In his study of Jesus, as presented in The Quest of the Historical Jesus (1906), he believed he had discovered the real Jesus by reconstructing his historicity through a study of the Gospels.